Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/5598
Título: Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED): Norms for emoji and emoticons in seven evaluative dimensions
Autor: Rodrigues, David
Prada, Marília
Gaspar, Rui
Garrido, Margarida Vaz
Lopes, Diniz
Palavras-chave: LEED
Aesthetic appeal
Visual complexity
Meaning analysis
Normative ratings
Data: 2017
Editora: Springer Verlag
Citação: Behavior Research Methods, published on-line, 31 March 2017. Doi: 10.3758/s13428-017-0878-6
Resumo: The use of emoticons and emoji is increasingly popular across a variety of new platforms of online communication. They have also become popular as stimulus materials in scientific research. However, the assumption that emoji/emoticon users' interpretations always correspond to the developers'/researchers' intended meanings might be misleading. This article presents subjective norms of emoji and emoticons provided by everyday users. The Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED) comprises 238 stimuli: 85 emoticons and 153 emoji (collected from iOS, Android, Facebook, and Emojipedia). The sample included 505 Portuguese participants recruited online. Each participant evaluated a random subset of 20 stimuli for seven dimensions: aesthetic appeal, familiarity, visual complexity, concreteness, valence, arousal, and meaningfulness. Participants were additionally asked to attribute a meaning to each stimulus. The norms obtained include quantitative descriptive results (means, standard deviations, and confidence intervals) and a meaning analysis for each stimulus. We also examined the correlations between the dimensions and tested for differences between emoticons and emoji, as well as between the two major operating systems-Android and iOS. The LEED constitutes a readily available normative database (available at www.osf.io/nua4x ) with potential applications to different research domains.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/5598
DOI: 10.3758/s13428-017-0878-6
ISSN: 1554-351X
Aparece nas colecções:WJCR - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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