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Title: The informative value of type of repetition: Perceptual and conceptual fluency influences on judgments of truth
Author: Silva, Rita Rocha da
Garcia-Marques, Teresa
Reber, Rolf
Keywords: Truth effect
Perceptual fluency
Conceptual fluency
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Consciousness and Cognition, 51, 53-67. Doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.016
Abstract: We contrast the effects of conceptual and perceptual fluency resulting from repetition in the truth effect. In Experiment 1, participants judged either verbatim or paraphrased repetitions, which reduce perceptual similarity to original statements. Judgments were made either immediately after the first exposure to the statements or after one week. Illusions of truth emerged for both types of repetition, with delay reducing both effects. In Experiment 2, participants judged verbatim and paraphrased repetitions with either the same or a contradictory meaning of original statements. In immediate judgments, illusions of truth emerged for repetitions with the same meaning and illusions of falseness for contradictory repetitions. In the delayed session, the illusion of falseness disappeared for contradictory statements. Results are discussed in terms of the contributions of recollection of stimulus details and of perceptual and conceptual fluency to illusions of truth at different time intervals and judgmental context conditions.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.016
ISSN: 1053-8100
Appears in Collections:WJCR - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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