Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/3925
Título: Audience effects and aggressive priming in agonistic behaviour of male zebrafish, Danio rerio
Autor: Cruz, Ana S.
Oliveira, Rui Filipe
Palavras-chave: Aggressive priming
Audience effects
Communication networks
Danio rerio
Social information
Data: 2015
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Animal Behaviour, 107, 269-276. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.07.007
Resumo: Animals communicate through the exchange of signals. However, third-party individuals can detect and intercept signals not directly sent to them, a phenomenon known as eavesdropping, and the presence of bystanders can influence the signalling behaviour of interacting conspecifics, a phenomenon named the audience effect. So far, research done on audience effects and eavesdropping has been mainly focused on their function, rather than on their proximate mechanisms. For this reason, we were interested in testing the occurrence of audience effects on male zebrafish, a genetically tractable model organism that is emerging as a major candidate for the study of the neural basis of social behaviour. Here, pairs of males were exposed to a mixed-sex shoal, which was used as an audience, at two different times: (1) during a contest between them, to test for an audience effect and (2) before the contest, to test whether this prior exposure influences subsequent agonistic behaviour (i.e. aggressive priming). We analysed the pairs' aggressive signalling during the contest by measuring variables that characterize both the individuals' behaviour and the interaction, and found that pre-exposure to an audience induced a shorter latency to display, an increase in the time dominants spent chasing subordinates and a shorter time to resolve the agonistic interaction. Also, exposure to the audience during the interaction led to a higher number of interactions in which displays occurred, a higher number of resolved interactions with displays and a decrease in the escalation of aggression for resolved interactions. These results add zebrafish to the literature on the audience effect and, most importantly, open the way for the study of the neural mechanisms involved in the processing of social information in a model organism.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/3925
DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.07.007
ISSN: 0003-3472
Aparece nas colecções:BCOMP - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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