Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/3385
Título: Behavioural and psychological self-perceived impact of using the internet to meet sexual partners among MSN
Autor: Manteigas, Nuno Miguel Nodin
Orientador: Leal, Isabel Pereira
Carballo-Diéguez, Alex
Palavras-chave: Percepção do self
Internet
Homens que têm sexo com homens
Tecnologia
Self-perception
Internet
Men who have sex with men
Tecnology
Data de Defesa: 2014
Editora: ISPA - Instituto Universitário das Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Resumo: Esta investigação debruça-se sobre a população de homens que têm sexo com homens (HSH) que utilizam sítios na Internet para encontros amorosos e sexuais. Teve como objectivo compreender qual o impacto dessa experiência sobre o comportamento, percepção do self e percepção dos outros e qual a natureza desse impacto. Recorreu-se a uma metodologia de carácter misto para o efeito. Para a fase qualitativa foram entrevistados 36 HSH sobre a sua utilização da Internet, encontros com parceiros sexuais contactados online (PO) e sexo seguro. Depois de transcritas, as entrevistas foram analisadas tematicamente para os estudos apresentados. Para a fase quantitativa desenvolveu-se um questionário e uma escala destinados a compreender em detalhe a questão sob investigação, baseados nas temáticas identificadas durante a fase qualitativa. Os dados foram recolhidos online. Um total de 317 HSH que cumpriram com os critérios de seleção foram utilizados para o primeiro estudo quantitativo e 313 para o segundo. Cada uma das fases da investigação levaram à produção de dois estudos. O primeiro estudo qualitativo (Estudo Exploratório) analisou os conceitos e práticas de sexo seguro de um grupo de HSH com experiência de conhecer PO. Neste estudo verificouse que, para a maioria dos participantes, as estratégias de prevenção utilizadas com PO ou com aqueles contactados offline eram os mesmos, assim não confirmando a nossa hipótese inicial sobre a influência da Internet sobre comportamentos. O segundo estudo qualitativo (Estudo 1) explorou as percepções de alterações no self associadas à experiência de encontrar PO. Os resultados sugeriram a existência de tais alterações tanto ao nível do self quanto das percepções de outros, de formas positivas (e.g. exploração de potencial individual desconhecido; aquisição de competências de comunicação sexual), negativas (e.g. sentimentos de desconfiança em relação aos outros) e neutras. O primeiro estudo quantitativo (Estudo 2) descreveu o desenvolvimento de uma escala de avaliação das percepções e preferências relativas a conhecer PO, a Sexual Use of the Internet Scale (SUIS), recorrendo aos temas identificados no Estudo 1. A análise factorial exploratória identificou seis factores estatística e tematicamente coerentes: “Impacto positivo da Internet”, “Autoexposição sexual online”, “Vantagens de conhecer homens online”, “Preferência por conhecer homens online”, “Desconfiança de homens online”, e “Impacto negativo da Internet”. Por último, o segundo estudo quantitativo (Estudo 3) averiguou se certos aspectos da experiência de conhecer PO e características dos utilizadores de sites de encontros se associavam a percepções de impacto dessa experiência sobre o self, tal como avaliados pela SUIS. As ANOVAs realizadas sugerem que homens que conhecem PO há menos tempo, homens mais novos e homens solteiros apresentam maior percepção desse impacto. O número de PO, a frequência de conhecer PO e a orientação sexual não apresentaram resultados significativos. Os resultados são discutidos no contexto de preocupações e debates antigos sobre o impacto de tecnologias sobre os seres humanos e sobre a sociedade. Os nossos estudos não suportam o lado tecnofóbico nem o tecnofílico deste debate, mas contribuem para uma visão mais detalhada desta área de investigação. A nossa investigação contribui para o aumento do conhecimento relativo a processos de alteração identitária associados à utilização de plataformas virtuais de encontros de carácter social e sexual entre HSH e também de forma mais alargada. ABSTRACT:This research focuses on men who have sex with men (MSM) and use dating and sexual networking websites. Its aims are to understand if and how using these websites affects the men’s behaviour, self-perceptions and perceptions of others. A mixed methods approach was used to investigate this topic. The research was organised into a qualitative and a quantitative phase, each leading to the production of two studies. For the qualitative phase, 36 MSM were interviewed about their internet use, meeting sexual partners online, and safe sex. Transcribed interviews were thematically analysed for both studies presented. For the quantitative phase, a survey and a scale aimed at further understanding the research topic were developed based on themes identified during the qualitative phase. Data was collected online. In total, 317 MSM who met selection criteria were retained for the first and 313 for the second quantitative study. The first qualitative study (Exploratory Study) analyses the safer sex concepts and practices of a group of MSM who meet sexual partners online. This study reports that for most participants, the prevention strategies used with partners met for sex online were the same as those used with partners met for sex offline, thus failing to confirm our initial hypothesis of internet-mediated behaviour change. The second qualitative study (Study 1) explores these men’s perceptions of self-change associated with their online sexual experience (OSE). The results suggest that OSE does impact on these men’s perceptions of themselves and of others in positive (e.g. exploration of unknown personal potential; development of better sexual communication skills), negative (e.g. increased suspiciousness of others) and neutral ways. The first quantitative study (Study 2) describes the development of a scale aimed at investigating men’s perceptions and preferences of meeting sexual partners online - the Sexual Use of the Internet Scale (SUIS) - which was informed by the findings of Study 1. The exploratory factor analysis identifies six thematically interconnected and statistically coherent factors: “positive impact of the internet”, “sexual self-exposure online”, “advantages of meeting men online”, “preference for meeting men online”, “mistrust of men online”, and “negative impact of the Internet”. Finally, the second quantitative study (Study 3) aims to ascertain whether specific aspects of the online sexual networking experience and site-user characteristics affect perceived impact upon the self, by using the SUIS. The ANOVA analyses carried out indicate that men with less experience of meeting others online, younger men and single men have significantly higher levels of perceived self-change associated with using the internet to meet sexual partners. The number of online partners, frequency of meeting partners online and sexual orientation has no significant impact on self-perception. The results are discussed in the context of centuries-old debates and concerns about the impact of technology on humans and society. Our findings provide no support for the technophile or the technophobic sides of this debate, but contribute to a more nuanced reading of this field of inquiry. Our research adds to the knowledge of ongoing processes of identify and self change associated with using online social and sexual networking platforms amongst both MSM and more at large.
ABSTRACT:This research focuses on men who have sex with men (MSM) and use dating and sexual networking websites. Its aims are to understand if and how using these websites affects the men’s behaviour, self-perceptions and perceptions of others. A mixed methods approach was used to investigate this topic. The research was organised into a qualitative and a quantitative phase, each leading to the production of two studies. For the qualitative phase, 36 MSM were interviewed about their internet use, meeting sexual partners online, and safe sex. Transcribed interviews were thematically analysed for both studies presented. For the quantitative phase, a survey and a scale aimed at further understanding the research topic were developed based on themes identified during the qualitative phase. Data was collected online. In total, 317 MSM who met selection criteria were retained for the first and 313 for the second quantitative study. The first qualitative study (Exploratory Study) analyses the safer sex concepts and practices of a group of MSM who meet sexual partners online. This study reports that for most participants, the prevention strategies used with partners met for sex online were the same as those used with partners met for sex offline, thus failing to confirm our initial hypothesis of internet-mediated behaviour change. The second qualitative study (Study 1) explores these men’s perceptions of self-change associated with their online sexual experience (OSE). The results suggest that OSE does impact on these men’s perceptions of themselves and of others in positive (e.g. exploration of unknown personal potential; development of better sexual communication skills), negative (e.g. increased suspiciousness of others) and neutral ways. The first quantitative study (Study 2) describes the development of a scale aimed at investigating men’s perceptions and preferences of meeting sexual partners online - the Sexual Use of the Internet Scale (SUIS) - which was informed by the findings of Study 1. The exploratory factor analysis identifies six thematically interconnected and statistically coherent factors: “positive impact of the internet”, “sexual self-exposure online”, “advantages of meeting men online”, “preference for meeting men online”, “mistrust of men online”, and “negative impact of the Internet”. Finally, the second quantitative study (Study 3) aims to ascertain whether specific aspects of the online sexual networking experience and site-user characteristics affect perceived impact upon the self, by using the SUIS. The ANOVA analyses carried out indicate that men with less experience of meeting others online, younger men and single men have significantly higher levels of perceived self-change associated with using the internet to meet sexual partners. The number of online partners, frequency of meeting partners online and sexual orientation has no significant impact on self-perception. The results are discussed in the context of centuries-old debates and concerns about the impact of technology on humans and society. Our findings provide no support for the technophile or the technophobic sides of this debate, but contribute to a more nuanced reading of this field of inquiry. Our research adds to the knowledge of ongoing processes of identify and self change associated with using online social and sexual networking platforms amongst both MSM and more at large.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/3385
Designação: Doutoramento em Psicologia
Aparece nas colecções:PCLI - Tese de doutoramento

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