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|Título:||Seasonality of microphytobenthos revealed by remote-sensing in a south european estuary|
|Autor:||Brito, Ana C.|
Mendes, Carlos Rafael
Dias, Maria P.
|Palavras-chave:||Temporal and spatialv ariability|
|Citação:||Continental Shelf Research, 66, 83-91|
|Resumo:||The spatio-temporal variation of microphytobenthos (MPB) at the scale of a large estuary (Tagus estuary, Portugal) was studied using a combination of field and satellite remot esensing data during 2003.This is the first attempt to use remote sensing to study MPB in an ecosystem with a Mediterranean -like climate. Satellite pour l'Observation de la Terre(SPOT) and Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer(MERIS) images were used to map benthic microalgae through the application of a Normalized Difference Vegetation index (NDVI).A significant relationship between in-situ benthic chlorophyll a measurements and SPOT NDVI values was used to derive a map for biomass spatial distribution. At the scale of the whole intertidal area, NDVI time-series from 2003 revealed that MPB showed clear temporal variations,with lower values observed in summercompared to winter.This seasonal trend was found both in the SPOT and MERIS images and maybe the result of extreme high temperatures that inhibit MPB growth.Thema in MPB biofilms were spatially stable through time at a large scale.Maximum NDVI values during the winter were found in the high shore with decreasing NDVI values towards the low shore. MPB light limitation at the lowest bathymetries is likely to occur in winter due to the high turbidity of Tagus estuary. The biomass spatial distribution map,obtained for January 2003,indicated low values ranging from 0 to 20 mg Chl am-2 for the lower shores, while in the upper shore biomass varied between 60 and 80 mg Chl am-2. This study suggests striking differences in MPB seasonal patterns between the northern and southern European estuaries and stresses the need for ecophysiological approaches to investigate the role of thermo-andphoto-inhibition as structuring factors for MPB biomass distribution.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UIE-E - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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