Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/2393
Título: Dream recall frequency and content in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy
Autor: Bentes, Carla
Costa, João
Peralta, Rita
Pires, Joana
Sousa, Paula
Paiva, Teresa
Palavras-chave: Dream analysis
Mesial temporal sclerosis
Epileptogenic zone
Epilepsy and sleep
Dreams and memory
Data: 2011
Citação: Epilepsia, 52 (11), 2022-2027
Resumo: Purpose: To evaluate morning dream recall frequency and content in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Methods: Fifty-two patients with pharmacoresistant TLE submitted to a written dream diary during five consecutive days and continuous video–electroencephalographic (video-EEG) monitoring. A matched control group of 41 healthy subjects completed the same diary at home. The number of recalled dreams (including long dreams) and nonrecalled dream mentation were collected, and the Dream Recall Rate (DRR) was calculated. Hall and Van de Castle dream content analysis was performed. Key Findings: Greater than 70% of patients with TLE (37 of 52) recall their dreams, but DRR rate in these patients is lower than in controls (p £ 0.001). Dream recall does not appear to be influenced by the presence of neuropsychological deficits nor seizure frequency. In dreams descriptions, TLE patients (vs. controls) have a higher percentage of familiarity in settings and fewer dreams with at least one success. Significance: Onirical activity of patients with TLE is different from that of healthy subjects. Our results support the role of mesial and neocortical temporal structures in dream experience. The selective activation of dysfunctional mesial structures may be responsible for some of the observed variability. However, dream content changes can also mirror social and psychological comorbidities of patients with epilepsy.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/2393
ISSN: 0013-9580
Aparece nas colecções:UIPS - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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