Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1795
Título: When do people derogate or psychologically distance themselves from victims? Belief in a just world and ingroup identification
Autor: Correia, Isabel
Alves, Hélder
Sutton, Robbie
Ramos, Miguel
Pereira, Maria Gouveia
Vala, Jorge
Palavras-chave: Belief in a just world
Victim derogation
Social identification
Social identity
Psychological distancing
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Personality and Individual Differences, 53 (6), 747-752
Resumo: Two factors increase the threat for individuals’ belief in a just world (BJW) posed by an innocent victim: the degree of the observer’s explicit endorsement of BJW and the fact that the victim shares a common identity with the observer. In this paper, we aim to investigate whether or not these two factors (BJW and ingroup identification) have an interaction effect on each of two mechanisms that reduce the threat to BJW: victim derogation and psychological distancing from the victims. In two studies with university students we predicted and found that BJW interacted with identification with an ingroup victim to predict victim derogation (Study 1) and disidentification from the group shared with the victim (Study 2). In Study 1, the positive relationship between BJW and derogation was significant for strongly identified participants but not for weakly identified participants. In Study 2, high BJW was associated with low ingroup identification only when group salience was activated.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1795
ISSN: 0191-8869
Aparece nas colecções:PSOC - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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