Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1405
Título: Temporal and spatial relations in sentential reasoning
Autor: Juhos, Csongor
Quelhas, Ana Cristina
Johnson-Laird, Philip N.
Palavras-chave: Temporal reasoning
Spatial reasoning
Mental models
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Cognition, 122, 393-404
Resumo: The mental model theory postulates that the meanings of assertions, and knowledge about their context can modulate the logical meaning of sentential connectives, such as ‘‘if’’ and ‘‘or’’. One known effect of modulation is to block the representation of possibilities to which a proposition refers. But, modulation should also add relational information, such as temporal order, to models of possibilities. Three experiments tested this prediction. Experiment 1 showed that individuals spontaneously matched the tense of their conclusions (in Portuguese) to embody implied, but unexpressed, temporal relations in conditional premises. Experiment 2 demonstrated the same phenomenon in inferences from disjunctions. Experiment 3 showed that the number of such implicit relations in inferences from conditionals affects both accuracy and the speed of reasoning. These results support the modulation hypothesis.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1405
ISSN: 0010-0277
Aparece nas colecções:PCOG - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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