Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1389
Título: Historical biogeography of european leuciscins (Cyprinidae): Evaluating the Lago Mare dispersal hypothesis
Autor: Levy, André
Doadrio, Ignacio
Almada, Vítor Carvalho
Palavras-chave: Bayesian phylogeny
Freshwater dispersal routes
Historical biogeography
Lago Mare
Messinian Salinity Crisis
Data: 2009
Editora: Blackwell Publishing
Citação: Journal of Biogeography, 36, 55-65
Resumo: ABSTRACT Aim To test the importance of the Lago Mare stage of the Messinian Salinity Crisis for the dispersal and diversification of European leuciscins (Cyprinidae: Leuciscinae). Location Europe. Methods Cytochrome b sequences of European leuciscins were employed to investigate phylogenetic relationships among species, using Bayesian inference, and to estimate times of diversification, using a relaxed molecular clock. The distributions of 190 European leuciscins were compiled, and regional species compositions were compared using a taxonomic similarity index and an area cladogram. Results Leuciscins restricted to the Iberian and Italian peninsulas and the West and South Balkan regions are phylogenetically more closely related to northern European species than to species from another southern European area. Application of a relaxed molecular clock to a Bayesian phylogeny indicates that most southern clades originated and diversified prior to the Messinian. Southern European regions are taxonomically distinct from one another, and from a more taxonomically homogeneous group of areas that includes Anatolia, East Balkans, Middle East, North Europe and West Russia. Main conclusions The scenario of a Messinian period of dispersal of Paratethyan fauna into Mediterranean regions, via the Lago Mare, predicts a rapid period of diversification and a pattern of close association among southern European faunas. Phylogenetic relationships among leuciscins, the timing of cladogenic events, and the taxonomic similarity among geographical regions do not conform to this expectation. The depth of clades endemic to southern Europe, together with the high levels of endemism in these regions, suggests that the faunas in these regions diverged prior to the Messinian and have evolved largely in isolation from one another. Our results support a model of gradual colonization of Mediterranean regions since the Oligocene. Subsequent connections between adjacent areas may have occurred in the Messinian or Pleistocene.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1389
ISSN: 0305-0270
Aparece nas colecções:UIE-E - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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