Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1353
Título: Keeping it simple: Flowering plants tend to retain, and revert to, simple leaves
Autor: Geeta, R.
Dávalos, Liliana M.
Levy, André
Bohs, Lynn
Lavin, Mathew
Mummenhoff, Klaus
Sinha, Neelima
Wojciechowski, Martin F.
Palavras-chave: Angiosperm
Character
Complex leaves
Development
Rate of evolution
Reversal
Simple leaves
Stasis
Data: 2012
Editora: New Phytologist Trust
Citação: New Phythologist
Resumo: • A wide range of factors (developmental, physiological, ecological) with unpredictable interactions control variation in leaf form. Here, we examined the distribution of leaf morphologies (simple and complex forms) across angiosperms in a phylogenetic context to detect patterns in the directions of changes in leaf shape. • Seven datasets (diverse angiosperms and six nested clades, Sapindales, Apiales, Papaveraceae, Fabaceae, Lepidium, Solanum) were analysed using maximum likelihood and parsimony methods to estimate asymmetries in rates of change among character states. • Simple leaves are most frequent among angiosperm lineages today, were inferred to be ancestral in angiosperms and tended to be retained in evolution (stasis). Complex leaves slowly originated (‘gains’) and quickly reverted to simple leaves (‘losses’) multiple times, with a significantly greater rate of losses than gains. Lobed leaves may be a labile intermediate step between different forms. The nested clades showed mixed trends; Solanum, like the angiosperms in general, had higher rates of losses than gains, but the other clades had higher rates of gains than losses. • The angiosperm-wide pattern could be taken as a null model to test leaf evolution patterns in particular clades, in which patterns of variation suggest clade-specific processes that have yet to be investigated fully.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1353
ISSN: 1469-8137
Aparece nas colecções:UIE-E - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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