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|Título:||Bourgeois males of the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo, discriminate female mimics from females?|
Matos, Ricardo Jorge S.C.
Oliveira, Rui Filipe
|Citação:||Ethology, 111, 559-572|
|Resumo:||In a Portuguese population of Salaria pavo, two types of reproductively active males occur: large bourgeois males that defend nests and have fully developed secondary sex characters (SSC) and small sneaker males that mimic the females morphology and behaviour to approach nests and parasitize fertilizations. These two alternative reproductive tactics are sequential, as sneakers develop into bourgeois males. We investigated whether bourgeois males were able to discriminate between sneakers and females of different sizes. In a laboratory experiment bourgeois males were sequentially presented with a female and a sneaker matched for size. Complementary field observations were conducted on the interactions between females and sneakers with bourgeois males. If bourgeois males discriminated females from sneakers, we predicted that they should direct more aggressive behaviours towards sneakers and more courtship acts towards females. In general, bourgeois males courted and attacked small females and sneakers equally. However, large sneakers were courted less and attacked more than large females. Larger sneakers, beginning to develop SSC, were attacked more and courted less by the bourgeois male than smaller sneakers, and larger females were attacked less and courted more than smaller females. These results strongly suggest that only small female-mimicking males were able to deceive bourgeois males. In S. pavo, if the sneakers fertilization success correlates with their female-mimicking ability, a fitness decrease with an increasing body size can be predicted.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UIE-E - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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|Ethology 111 559-772.pdf||149,68 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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