Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1244
Título: Environmental modulation of androgen levels and secondary sex characters in two populations of the peacock blenny Salaria pavo
Autor: Saraiva, João Luis Vargas de Almeida
Gonçalves, David
Oliveira, Rui Filipe
Palavras-chave: Courtship
Data: 2010
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Hormones and Behavior, 57, 192-197
Resumo: Morphology and endocrinology were studied in two populations of the peacock blenny Salaria pavo, with different regimes of sexual selection imposed by differences in nest site availability. The peacock blenny is a small, sexually dimorphic benthic fish that presents exclusive paternal care of the clutch and inhabits rocky shores of the Mediterranean and adjacent Atlantic areas. In a population from the Gulf of Trieste (Northern Adriatic sea) inhabiting rocky shores where nest sites are abundant, male–male competition for nests is low, males court females and a low frequency of alternative reproductive tactics (small, parasitic femalemimicking sneaker males that change tactic into nest holders in subsequent breeding seasons) occurs. Conversely at Ria Formosa, a coastal lagoon in Southern Portugal, where nest sites are scarce and highly aggregated, male–male competition for nests is very high, there is sex-role reversal with female courtship and a high frequency of alternative reproductive tactics is observed. Concomitantly, at Ria Formosa nest holder males are larger and present more developed secondary sex characters and higher levels of 11KT than at the Gulf of Trieste. However, the gonads of nest holders and parasitic males were larger in the Gulf of Trieste population. Competition for nests at Ria Formosa seems to promote more developed secondary sex characters in nest site scarcity conditions, while competition for females at the Gulf of Trieste seems to be spurring sperm competition among males in populations where nest sites are more abundant. 11KT was thus associated with the development and expression of secondary sex characters in contrasting environments. These results exemplify how the modulation of behavioral plasticity and secondary sex characters by the social environment can be mediated by androgens.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1244
ISSN: 0018-506X
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