Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1231
Título: Adjustment of brood size and androgen levels in a teleost species with exclusive male parental care
Autor: Ros, Albert F. H.
Fagundes, Teresa
Oliveira, Rui Filipe
Palavras-chave: 11-ketotestosterone
Brood size manipulation
Intersexual selection
Male quality
Peacock blenny
Salaria pavo
Data: 2009
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Animal Behaviour, 78 (1), 25-33
Resumo: In maximizing reproductive success, individuals face a trade-off between parental care for their current offspring and investing in androgen-dependent sexual traits to produce further offspring. It has thus been proposed that parental effort would suppress androgen levels. Here, we studied parental effort by manipulating brood size in the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo, a littoral fish species in which males show long periods of paternal care.We focused on the effects of brood size on female spawning rate (measured as number of eggs received in the nest by focal males) and androgen levels. We found a positive linear relationship between brood size and the number of eggs received subsequently. Accordingly, spawning rate increased for males with experimentally enlarged broods while it decreased for males in which brood size was reduced. However, over a longer time interval, brood sizes of both treatments returned to the nonmanipulated brood size, suggesting an effect of additional factors such as male quality. Brood size did not show the expected negative relationship with levels of testosterone and 11-ketotestosterone. On the contrary, testosterone levels were positively correlated with brood size. However, in agreement with the prediction, changes in the level of parental care by manipulation of brood size showed an inverse relationship with testosterone levels. As with brood size, given time, testosterone levels tended to return to nonmanipulated levels. Such changes suggest that males adjust their brood size to an individual value through androgen modulation of courtship or other traits influencing female spawning rate.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.12/1231
ISSN: 0003-3472
Aparece nas colecções:UIE-E - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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